Most of Cambodian children aged from 1.5 months to 9 months fully covered by National Immunization Program (NPI). They will received 10 vaccines for free to assure that they are protected from common preventable-diseases such as diphtheria, tetanus, Hib, pertussis, polio, hepatitis B, BCG, measles, rubella and pneumococcal.
Unfortunately, these 10 vaccines only for infants and children from 1.5 to 9 months of age only. To those who older than 9 months will not be covered by this program and they have to seek for private vaccination services at some high-standard clinics and vaccination centers to ensure that they will protected throughout the life-time.
Below are the vaccines that you need to get to ensure that you’re protected if you are older than 9 months:
1. Pneumococcal vaccines with 23 serotypes: There are several types of this vaccine available in the market such as Pneumovax 23, Pneumo 23. These vaccines are needed for children and adult aged from 2 years onward to protect against 23 serotypes of S.pneumoniae.
2. Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis (dTp) vaccines: Many vaccines and many brands available in the market. These vaccines are recommended for children and adults aged from 18 months onward and need to repeat (booster) in every 5-10 years. This vaccine is very important for girl and young women who planned to get married and have a baby to prevent against congenital complications of these disease which lead to have severe damage to their baby.
3. Cervical cancer vaccines (HPV vaccines): This is a must-get vaccine against HPV viruses that cause cervical cancer in all girls and women. HPV very contagious viruses through sexual activities and it is easily transmitted. There are two types of HPV vaccines available in the market, Gardasil (Merck MSD, USA) and Cervarix (GSK, Belgium). For girls and women, please check your vaccination schedule whether you already got this vaccine or yet.
4. Varicella vaccines (chickenpox vaccines): Most of elder age says “if you get chickenpox, just let it be because it will good for you in the future”, but they forgot that chickenpox can kill. This disease is very contagious and have so many complications, especially scars on the skin which is not easy to be removed or healed. With just only two shots of this vaccine, you’ll assured that you’re protected. Currently, there are some varicella vaccines such as Varilrix (GSK, Belgium), Varivax (Merck MSD, USA)
5. Hepatitis A vaccines: If hepatitis B covered by NPI program, then hepatitis A will not included. Most Cambodian people are not aware of this disease, but they do aware of hepatitis disease in general. Hepatitis A is highly contagious disease and it is preventable. Even hepatitis A is not actually life-threatening disease but it could lead to death as well if it is severe and can cause thousands of dollars in treatment.
6. Rotavirus vaccines: If HPV is very important and must-get vaccines for girls and children, then rotavirus vaccines is the most-must-get vaccine for infants aged from 1.5 to 8 months. It is oral vaccine and it’s very easy to give to infants. Make sure your beloved children, nieces, nephews or grandchildren vaccinated against rotavirus.
These are some vaccines that you can easily find in Cambodia right now. However, still have a lot of vaccines which you’re a bit difficult to find in our country such as Meningococcal vaccines, zoter vaccines etc.
Make sure that above 6 vaccines checked in your and your family’s vaccination record book. If those were checked, that’s mean you’re safe and protected.