Check Out Your Vaccination Record Book: Were These Vaccine Checked?

Most of Cambodian children aged from 1.5 months to 9 months fully covered by National Immunization Program (NPI). They will received 10 vaccines for free to assure that they are protected from common preventable-diseases such as diphtheria, tetanus, Hib, pertussis, polio, hepatitis B, BCG, measles, rubella and pneumococcal.

Unfortunately, these 10 vaccines only for infants and children from 1.5 to 9 months of age only. To those who older than 9 months will not be covered by this program and they have to seek for private vaccination services at some high-standard clinics and vaccination centers to ensure that they will protected throughout the life-time.

Below are the vaccines that you need to get to ensure that you’re protected if you are older than 9 months:

1. Pneumococcal vaccines with 23 serotypes: There are several types of this vaccine available in the market such as Pneumovax 23, Pneumo 23. These vaccines are needed for children and adult aged from 2 years onward to protect against 23 serotypes of S.pneumoniae.

2. Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis (dTp) vaccines: Many vaccines and many brands available in the market. These vaccines are recommended for children and adults aged from 18 months onward and need to repeat (booster) in every 5-10 years. This vaccine is very important for girl and young women who planned to get married and have a baby to prevent against congenital complications of these disease which lead to have severe damage to their baby.

3. Cervical cancer vaccines (HPV vaccines): This is a must-get vaccine against HPV viruses that cause cervical cancer in all girls and women. HPV very contagious viruses through sexual activities and it is easily transmitted. There are two types of HPV vaccines available in the market, Gardasil (Merck MSD, USA) and Cervarix (GSK, Belgium). For girls and women, please check your vaccination schedule whether you already got this vaccine or yet.

4. Varicella vaccines (chickenpox vaccines): Most of elder age says “if you get chickenpox, just let it be because it will good for you in the future”, but they forgot that chickenpox can kill. This disease is very contagious and have so many complications, especially scars on the skin which is not easy to be removed or healed. With just only two shots of this vaccine, you’ll assured that you’re protected. Currently, there are some varicella vaccines such as Varilrix (GSK, Belgium), Varivax (Merck MSD, USA)

5. Hepatitis A vaccines: If hepatitis B covered by NPI program, then hepatitis A will not included. Most Cambodian people are not aware of this disease, but they do aware of hepatitis disease in general. Hepatitis A is highly contagious disease and it is preventable. Even hepatitis A is not actually life-threatening disease but it could lead to death as well if it is severe and can cause thousands of dollars in treatment.

6. Rotavirus vaccines: If HPV is very important and must-get vaccines for girls and children, then rotavirus vaccines is the most-must-get vaccine for infants aged from 1.5 to 8 months. It is oral vaccine and it’s very easy to give to infants. Make sure your beloved children, nieces, nephews or grandchildren vaccinated against rotavirus.

These are some vaccines that you can easily find in Cambodia right now. However, still have a lot of vaccines which you’re a bit difficult to find in our country such as Meningococcal vaccines, zoter vaccines etc.

Make sure that above 6 vaccines checked in your and your family’s vaccination record book. If those were checked, that’s mean you’re safe and protected. 

Vaccines for Every Girls and Women: Something that You Need to Know

This past few decades, vaccines help protect human kinds to fight against or eliminate some diseases and achieve such convincing results. Currently, vaccines including into National Immunization Program (NIP) to almost every countries around the globe, Cambodia also included in the list.

Decades ago, the concepts of vaccines and vaccination was really new among Cambodian people as well as healthcare professionals. Most of us used to thought that vaccination is “injection viruses” into our body, thus everyone are so afraid of being vaccinated and put ourselves in risk of getting infected from diseases that we can protected.

Nowadays, while knowledge and understanding of vaccines and vaccination has been improving day by day, everyone are seem not afraid to get themselves vaccinated. Cambodia government and some non-governmental organizations (NGOs) work really hard to introduce new vaccines into National Immunization Programs and recently they successfully introduce measles-rubella vaccine with very good acceptance from the public.

However, there are a lot of things that we don’t actually know about vaccines. Today, I will talk about vaccines that every girls and women “MUST” get themselves vaccinated.

There are some vaccines that every girls and women “HAVE TO” make sure that they already get it. Those vaccines are:

  1. Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis: This vaccine is a “MUST” get vaccine. There are too kind of this vaccine, DTP and dTp. DTP is for infants and children. while dTp is for adults. Most case, everyone of us already got this vaccine since we were young, but World Health Organization (WHO) recommended that “Everyone should get or booster diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis every 5 to 10 years”. This vaccine is really important for women whose plan to have baby too. Make sure that you get yourself vaccinated against these diseases and make sure that you get yourself booster once in every 5 to 10 years.
  2. Seasonal Flu: No one in this world could escape from flu, at least once a year if you didn’t get yourself vaccinated. Seasonal flu vaccine is for everyone, but it is a “NEED” to women who planned to give birth. They should get vaccination before they pregnant or their baby will faces a lot of problems. Seasonal flu vaccine is available out  there in the market, both public and private. 
  3. Varicella Vaccine: Varicella is a serious and contagious disease, but most of Cambodian people thought in different ways. More than half of Cambodian people thought that, “if you got varicella, it is good for you because you will never get it again.” That’s most valid point, why? Because someone who already get varicella will be immune and will never get it again. But the most important point here, people are compromising the “complications” of varicella. If a pregnancy women at first quarter of her pregnancy, and she gets varicella disease, they her baby would face so many complications, her baby could potentially abortion, abnormal growth etc. It’s just like MMR case. Before you decide to have baby, make sure that you ask your doctors, or physicians for Varicella vaccine. For younger girls, varicella will leave a lot of scars on their body, face or it could even make them blind or dead if it is severe and so many complications which I couldn’t describe here. Make sure that you get your beloved baby girls vaccinated against this forgotten disease.

These four vaccines are very important and every girls and women need to be vaccinated.

វ៉ាក់សាំង និងមួកសុវត្ថិភាព

[image source: Google]

មនុស្សម្នាក់ៗគឺស្រឡាញ់ជីវិតរបស់ខ្លួនជានិច្ច ហើយតែងតែរកគ្រប់វិធីដើម្បីការពារអាយុជីវិត ទោះជាត្រូវចំណាយថវិការច្រើនក៏ដោយ តួយ៉ាងដូចជាការ​ចំណាយលុយទិញមួកការពារពេលគេធ្វើដំណើរតាមម៉ូតូ។ ទាំងអស់នេះជាការការពារអាយុជីវិតដែលមនុស្សគ្រប់រូបតែងតែធ្វើ និងត្រូវការជាចាំបាច់មិនអាចខានបាន។

ក៏ប៉ុន្តែទាំងអស់នេះគ្រាន់តែជាការការពារ​ផ្នែកខាងក្រៅខ្លួនប៉ុណ្ណោះ វាគ្រាន់តែជាការការពារនៅអ្វីដែលយើងមើលឃើញប៉ុណ្ណោះ ចំណែកការការពារនូវកត្តាផ្សេងៗទៀតដែលយើងមិនអាចមើលឃើញ មួកសុវត្ថិភាពមិនអាចការពារបាននោះទេ។ កត្តាទាំងនោះរួមមានដូចជា មេរោគ បាក់តេរី ឬក៏ជំងឺតម្កាត់ផ្សេងៗទៀត។ ដើម្បីការពារតទល់នឹងជំងឺទាំងអស់នោះ យើងត្រូវការវិធីសាស្រ្តផ្សេងទៀតនោះគឺ វ៉ាក់សាំង និងការចាក់វ៉ាក់សាំង។

វ៉ាក់សាំង និងការចាក់វ៉ាក់សាំងបានរួមចំណែកក្នុងការទប់ស្កាត់ និងរួមទាំងការលុបបំបាត់ជំងឺ និងមេរោគជាច្រើនតួយ៉ាងដូចជា ជំងឺគ្រុនស្វិតដៃជើង និងជំងឺអុតធំ ​ដែល​យើងសឹងតែមិនដែលបានឃើញអ្នកជំងឺដែលកើតជំងឺទាំងនោះទៀត។ នៅមានមេរោគ និងជំងឺជាច្រើនទៀតដែលវ៉ាក់សាំង និងការចាក់វ៉ាក់សាំង អាចជួយកាត់បន្ថយ​ក៏ដូចជារួមចំណែកក្នុងការលុបបំបាត់ផងដែរដូចជា ជំងឺរលាកសួត ជំងឺរាកលើកុមារតូចៗ ជំងឺតេតាណូស ខាន់ស្លាក់ ក្អកមាន់ រួមទាំងជំងឺមហារីកមាត់ស្បូន​ផងដែរ។

វា៉ក់សាំង និងការចាក់វ៉ាក់សាំង វាមានសារៈប្រយោជន៍ជាងការចំណាយទៅលើការទិញមួកសុវត្ថិភាពដែលថ្លៃ ឬក៏ទិញរថយន្តដែលថ្លៃ និងទំនើបទៅទៀត។

ហេតុដូចនេះមនុស្សគ្រប់រូប និងមាតាបិតាគ្រប់រូបមេត្តា គិតគូរក្នុងការស្វែងយល់ និងចាក់វ៉ាក់សាំងអោយបានគ្រប់គ្រាន់ អោយខ្លួនអ្នកក៏ដូចជាកូនៗជាទីស្រឡាញ់ របស់អ្នកផងដែរ។

វ៉ាក់សាំង និងការចាក់វ៉ាក់សាំង គឺមានសារៈសំខាន់ ជាងមួកសុវត្ថិភាព ហើយវាមានតំលៃមិនអាចកាត់ថ្លៃបានសំរាប់កូនៗជាទីស្រឡាញ់របស់អ្នក។

Why Cambodia Didn’t Introduce New EPI Vaccines?

Extended Program on Immunization or EPI is the only program that provides FREE vaccines and vaccination to all Cambodian children no matter who it is and no matter where they’re living. This is the only program to help millions of children’s life and it is become a part of country’s policy as well as some politician party’s policy as well.

But how many vaccines are currently available for EPI right now? How many vaccines that currently Cambodian’s EPI has?

Well, that’s a tough question then. Before we judge anyone or any political parties, we should think about the price that our country, our government need to pay for that vaccine. Luckily, currently, for developing country like us, Cambodia, we have a very huge organization which is ready to pay with biggest shared with our government budge for that vaccines. But sure, unless we come up with a very comprehensive proposal in terms of price, cost and benefits.

Currently in the world they have introduced so many vaccines for both pediatric, children and for adolescents as well.

For pediatric or children age under 5 years they have:

  1. Pneumococcal vaccines
  2. Rotavirus vaccines
  3. Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Varicella vaccines
  4. Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio vaccines
  5. Hepatitis A, and Hepatitis B vaccines
  6. Yellow fever vaccines
  7. Meningococcal vaccines
  8. Hib vaccines

For adolescents they have:

  1. Cervical cancer vaccines
  2. Zoster vaccines
  3. Hepatitis B vaccines

* Some vaccines can be used for both pediatrics and adolescents.

That’s a very long list of vaccines that available in both EPIs and private market. But look into our EPI list? How many vaccines do we have? I bet we can just count it on our fingers then.

Currently our EPI as only:

  1. Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio, Hepatitis B, Hib vaccines
  2. Measles

Now you can see that our list is just too short if compare to the above list. So, what’s happening here? Why we cannot introduce more vaccines so that every children get protected against diseases that we can protect by vaccines? Why we cannot just spend 10% of our country annual budget for new vaccines?

That’s always a BIG question mark (?) that I always have in my head and I would never understand about the issue as well.

No matter which political party is going to rule the country, but I beg our government, please have a look and have a clear visibility on this please. Unless you cannot provide a very good protection to your next generation people, so don’t expect that they will healthy enough to develop country.

Please Introduce More Vaccines for Cambodian Children, please!!!!